Studies & Tools

1. Potential Off-Taker Demand for Green Power-to-X Products

This web-based tool seeks to identify and assess potential off-takers for green hydrogen and its derivatives – green ammonia, green methanol, and green synfuel. It spans eight vital sectors: aviation, chemicals, fertilizers, industrial heating, refineries, long-haul transportation, shipping, and steel. It concentrates geographically on Brazil, South Africa, Namibia, and Germany due to their promising renewable energy profiles, making them ideal for low-cost green hydrogen production. This study examines both domestic and international off-take potential, presenting snapshots for 2025, 2030, 2035, and 2040. Most interesting insights are summarized in key messages while the manual includes instructions on how to use the dashboard to ensure full user capability and confidence. SYSTEMIQ developed this tool on behalf of the Green Hydrogen Business Alliance.

2. Green Ammonia Business Cost Models: Fertilizer and Shipping

This model facilitates discourse among industry stakeholders, policymakers, and financial institutions by dissecting the economic aspects of green ammonia production. It offers comprehensive cost estimates throughout the value chain, from production to off-take, for two key sectors: fertilizer and shipping. The tool delineates the cost breakdown for each sector, accounting for variations in time, location, and policy dynamics such as carbon taxation. The Excel tools “PtX Model Shipping” and “PtX Model Fertilizer” enable country-specific cost estimations, with the report showcasing findings from Brazil, South Africa, and Namibia. The manual provides instructions for adapting the model to different countries and specific scenarios, offering limitless possibilities for analysis. The Green Hydrogen Business Alliance commissioned SYSTEMIQ for the tool and the report.

3. Production and Transportation Costs of PtX-Products

This dynamic analysis explores H2/PtX production and transportation costs in 2023 focusing on specific production sites in nine countries, including Algeria, Brazil, Egypt, and South Africa. The study scrutinizes production and transportation costs for various PtX products, providing valuable insights into the competitiveness of developing nations and emerging economies in the international market. The Green Hydrogen Business Alliance mandated Fraunhofer ISE with this dynamic analysis.

4. SDG-Model on the Effects of a Green Hydrogen Economy

This study employs systemic modelling to project the impact of a green hydrogen economy on achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Brazil, Namibia and South Africa. Four simulated scenarios explore the role of green hydrogen in these countries’ national development by 2050, assessing interdependencies and potential impacts. Further scenarios can also be simulated using the tool. The Green Hydrogen Business Alliance commissioned the Millenium Institute with the systemic modelling and study.

Additionally, the development assessment tool of a green hydrogen market for Brazil, Namibia and South Africa allows interested users to explore interdependencies and possible impacts for each of the three countries.

5. PtX Value Chain Comparison: Calculation of Output Values

This tool presents a comprehensive overview of energy conversion and transport paths related to hydrogen and its derivatives, assessing efficiency and greenhouse gas reduction effectiveness. Users can evaluate different value creation routes, dissecting inputs, outputs, and energy losses, thus aiding informed decision-making.

The Green Hydrogen Business Alliance commissioned Fichtner with the development of the tool.

6. Possible PtX Use Cases in Brazil, Namibia and South Africa

This report evaluates the potential for hydrogen applications to foster national value creation in Brazil, Namibia, and South Africa. It delves into the political, economic, and CO2 reduction potentials of hydrogen value creation pathways. For sectors meeting all three criteria, the hydrogen demand was calculated, and renewable energy-based production capacities determined. This report was developed for the Green Hydrogen Business Alliance by Fichtner.

7. Economic Viability of PtX Production in North Africa

This business case study analyses PtX-plant investments in North Africa targeting exports to Germany. A cash-flow model scrutinizes costs and revenues for various green products (hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, kerosene, marine fuel), considering diverse scenarios and factors such as different carbon sources for the production of Power-to-Liquids. The Green Hydrogen Business Alliance commissioned Frontier Economics to conduct this study.

8. Pipeline Transport Study: Cost Estimations of H2 Imports from North Africa

This analysis estimates the costs of transporting green hydrogen from North Africa and Ukraine to Germany, considering different transport options, including hydrogen pipelines, repurposed natural gas pipelines, and shipping. The analysis was conducted by Frontier Economics on behalf of the Green Hydrogen Business Alliance.

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